Accountant talking about financial statements

The 4 Most Important Financial Statements

In order to understand how a company’s financial standing is, you will be required to familiarize yourself with these 4 financial statements:

  1. The Balance Sheet – The balance sheet reports the company’s assets, liabilities, & owners equity at a given point in time. It is usually the best place to start because it gives a good overall idea about how the company is doing.
  2. The Income Statement – The income statement reports the company’s income, expenses, & profits over a period of time. The income statement provides information on the companies operations and sales numbers. It can give you a good idea as to whether or not the company is falling short in terms of production.
  3. The Statement Of Retained Earnings – The statement of retained earnings provides information on changes in equity and effectiveness of reinvestment. What you want to see is how much the company is investing in its own future and how effective that investment is in terms of growing the company.
  4. The Statement Of Cash Flow – The statement of cash flow shows the company’s cash flow activities in terms of financing, investing and operations. For companies which rely on regular intervals of income from subscribers or affiliates, this statement will show how solvent the company is.

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